Understanding the Different Types of Bail Bonds and How They Work

Defendants often want to get out of jail as quickly as possible to keep their jobs, care for their children and attend court proceedings. Luckily, several types of bail bonds can help them do just that.

A property bond uses real property like a car, house, or jewelry as security to guarantee that the accused will attend their scheduled hearings.

Promise to Appear

Many people are not able to pay the total amount of their bail. When they contact a bond agency, they can be co-signed on a surety bond by someone who will charge them a fee to guarantee their appearance in court for the remainder of their case.

If the accused fails to adhere to all the dates set by the court, a warrant will be issued for their arrest. This is known as skipping bail. In this scenario, the person will remain in jail until their case is resolved or they decide to take a plea. When determining the amount of money you need to pay for your release, the judge will consider multiple factors. Some of these include the severity of your charges, family ties, financial situation, and history of appearing in court.

Non-Surety Bond

If someone you know – or even you – has been arrested for a crime and taken to jail, it’s up to a judge to determine the specifics of their bail order. The judge can set a cash, property, or surety bond to release the person from jail.

If the judge believes a defendant may threaten society, they will not let them out on bond and will “remand” them into police custody. Otherwise, fast bail bonds PA can be set, and the person is released from jail until there is a disposition or sentencing.

If someone on a non-surety bond skips out of town, the bail bondsman will hire a bounty hunter to find them and return them to court. This will cost the indemnitor, or co-signer of the bond, some money.

Cash-Only Bond

If a judge issues a cash-only bond, the defendant must pay the entire amount of bail in cash directly to the court. This type of bond is usually issued if the judge believes that the offender poses a moderate flight risk or has missed previous court appearances.

A judge might issue a cash-only bond if another jurisdiction has an outstanding arrest warrant. Failing to pay fines or restitution from previous cases may trigger a cash-only bond.

There are ways to get around a cash-only bond. Many courts will allow a third party, like a bail bond agent or a family member, to pay the money for the defendant’s bond. They will then sign an agreement with the court to ensure the offender shows up for their case.

Release on Citation

Some people arrested for low-level offenses will not be allowed to post bail and instead will be cited out. This means the arresting officer will give the person a written order to appear in court, and if they don’t, they will be subject to fines, an arrest, or jail time.

A citation release is an excellent policy for states. It helps manage jail populations and provides local cost savings while incentivizing the defendant to return to court on all appointed dates. Sometimes, a co-signer is required to help ensure the defendant appears in court.

These are called secured bonds, which involve collateral to secure the bond for the defendant. This can be in the form of cash or property.

Release on Own Personal Recognizance

You have probably seen TV commercials about the bail bond process. Those ads show a judge banging their gavel and saying, “Bail is set at $100,000.” But this is different from how things work in real life.

Many judges prefer to release suspects on their recognizance if they believe the accused does not threaten people in the community or has a long record of non-violent crimes. Judges may also take into consideration the recommendations of an OR officer.

A person can also post a partially secured bond. This type of bond is more common for people charged with misdemeanors. It requires loved ones to pay a fee to the court, but at the end of the case, this money is returned to them if the defendant makes all scheduled court appearances.

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